What activity do you think can cultivate children's sense of responsibility?
Do you prefer listening to music or doing nothing when you go from a place to another?
The student suggests that the university should allow students to borrow bikes for free due to two reasons. The first reason is to reduce the amount of traffic. And the second reason is to offer students an opportunity to work out. In the conversation, the man agrees with the suggestion. In the first reason, he mentions that the campus is pretty big and a lot of students are driving around campus now, if students got to borrow bikes for free, then more students would choose to ride bikes instead thus reducing the ammount of traffic. As for the second reason, the man points out that most of students don't have time to do exercise, so if the university allowed students to borrow bikes for free, maybe more students would get the opportunity of working out a little every day.
In the lecture, the professor talks about tolerant ecotype which are the species that can evolve in or adapt to harsh environment. He offers us an example to illustrate it. The companion plant that was planted in an area with metal contamination, it couldn't survive at first, but over time, the plant developed the ability to tolerate this kind of environment and adapted to it. Not only the plant itself, the researchers found out that the seeds of this plant from this metal contaminated area can also grow and survive in the harsh environment. But if you moved a companion plant from a regular environment to this harsh environment, there would be no way they could grow or survive. That's how the professor uses the example of the companion plant to illustrate the concept of tolerant ecotype.
The woman's problem is that one of her roommates moved out and she's supposed to interview the applicants for the room with another of her rommates tonight, but she can't go because she's got a geology group meeting at the same time. There are two possible solutions for her. The first one is to drop out of the meeting and the second one is to go to the meeting and trust her other roommate. If I were in her shoes, I would go for the second solution because her geology group meeting sounds really important, they may talk about things related to exams and stuff, things she would definitely miss out on if she simply read some materials herself. After all, a discussion with her peers will cover so much more than printed materials. I personally don't recommend the other solution, because her roommate probably will do a great job without her anyway, it's not worth it to miss out on a great geology group meeting just for this.
In the lecture, the professor talks about the drawbacks of standardization of employees. He offers us two examples to illustrate it. The first drawback of standardization is that it will discourage the creativity of employees. For example, there's a store that sells clothes, they encourage employees to come up with their own jokes to attract customers to purchase their products. But after they started using standardized scripts for all employees, the effect was not very good, since employees couldn't create as they did in the past, the sales declined as well. The second drawback is the additional cost, coming up a whole standardized procedure for employees require time and energy from both the managers and the employees and the company can't expect them to do it for free, so paying the managers and employees to come up with the standardized procedure can be additional cost to the company.